Siena and its artists

If you are a lover of medieval culture then you cannot fail to visit Siena, a city of art that is told above all through its artists.

One of the oldest techniques that is still performed today by Sienese master craftsmen is the decoration of manuscripts or miniatures. The word derives from the Latin miniare , which means "to write the initial letters of a page in red". It is no coincidence that the Romans called the red-orange pigment used to delineate these initials minium .

The art of miniature was born in ancient times, but it was especially in the Middle Ages that it experienced enormous success, linked to the processes of transcription and production of texts in the great monasteries. In the sixteenth century, however, with the invention of printing the miniature underwent an inevitable decline.

A must to visit for art lovers is definitely the Sala del Mappamondo, also known as the Sala del Consiglio, the largest room in the Palazzo Pubblico , with its high ceilings and frescoed walls you will be overwhelmed by a unique atmosphere. The room dates back to the time of the construction of the first nucleus of the building ( 12971310 ), to the time of the Government of the Nine ( 12871355 ) and was frescoed, always commissioned by the same Government between 1314 and 1330 , at least for as regards the main frescoes of the two small walls. The Council of the Republic of Siena met in this room, hence the name. The other name, on the other hand, derives from the large revolving globe that was in a prominent position in the room, bearing a canvas painted by Ambrogio Lorenzetti and depicting the map of the world known until then, with particular reference to the possessions of the Republic of Siena.

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